Tag Archives: easy Russian

50 most common Russian verbs and their forms

Here they are! 50 most common Russian verbs that we using in our everyday life.

Firstly, learn infenitive for of those verbs:

Инфенитив
Infenitiv
Перевод
Translation
  1. быть
  2. знать
  3. думать
  4. сказать
  5. говорить
  6. разговаривать
  7. начинать
  8. заканчивать
  9. пить
  10. есть
  11. забывать
  12. понимать
  13. писать
  14. читать
  15. считать
  16. бояться
  17. пугать
  18. входить
  19. выходить
  20. отдыхать
  21. ехать
  22. приезжать
  23. звонить
  24. давать
  25. продавать
  26. покупать
  27. делать
  28. жить
  29. умирать
  30. возвращаться
  31. хотеть
  32. уметь
  33. играть
  34. петь
  35. танцевать
  36. плавать
  37. летать
  38. рисовать
  39. ходить
  40. гулять
  41. бегать
  42. любить
  43. нравиться
  44. работать
  45. одевать
  46. обувать
  47. носить
  48. поднимать
  49. опускать
  50. поворачивать
  • to be
  • to know
  • to think
  • to say
  • to tell
  • to talk
  • to start
  • to finish
  • to drink
  • to eat
  • to forget
  • to understand
  • to wright
  • to read
  • to count
  • to be afraid
  • to scare
  • to enter
  • to get out
  • to have a rest
  • to go (by transport)
  • to came
  • to call
  • to give
  • to sell
  • to buy
  • to make
  • to live
  • to die
  • to be back
  • to want
  • to be able to
  • to play
  • to sing
  • to dance
  • to swim
  • to fly
  • to draw
  • to go
  • to walk
  • to run
  • to love
  • to like
  • to work
  • to put on clothes
  • to put on shoes
  • to wear
  • to lift
  • to put down
  • to turn

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Gender of Russain nouns

Russian nouns have one of three grammatical classes called genders. They are divided into three groups: nouns of masculine (мужской), feminine (женский) and neuter (средний) gender, which is clearly expressed only in the singular nouns. The gender of a noun is shown by it’s ending.

Screen shot 2013-04-19 at 3.20.58 PM

  • Masculine gender / мужской род nouns are nouns end in a consonant,  or  in the Nominative case: Максим (Maxim), дом (house), музей (museum), рубль (ruble)
  • Feminine gender / женский род nouns are nouns end in the vowel , – я, -ь in the Nominative case: Анна (Anna), комната (room), неделя (week), дочь (daughter)
  • Neuter gender / средний род nouns are nouns end in the vowel -о, -е in the Nominative case: окно (window), письмо (letter), здание (building).
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299 most common Russian nouns

Screen shot 2013-03-10 at 2.43.03 AM

How to start speak Russian? Learn your first 299 nouns and will able to make able to make easy russian sentances. Russian languge doesnt have any auxiliary verbs and articles to say “I am a human”, you need to know only the pronoun (please use link if you have forgoten them): “I – я”, and the noun: “human – человек”. In this sentance Я is subject and человек из predicate that means both of them must be in nomenative case (without changing). Let’s look what else you can say by using nouns in nomenative case:

Move is life – Движение жизнь.

This is an apple/ a book / a boy. – Это яблоко / книга /  мальчик.

It is the spring. – Весна.

God is love – Бог это любовь.

He is a doctor. – Он врач.

Grandmom like a child. – Бабушка как ребёнок.

Chess is also sport. – Шахматы – это тоже спорт.

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Numbers from from 10 fo 1000

You already know how to count till 10.

For to count from 11 to 19 you just need to add “-надцать” at the end of familiar 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

11 – Одиннадцать

12 – Двенадцать

13 – Тринадцать

14-Четырнадцать

15 – Пятнадцать

16-Шестнадцать

17-Семнадцать

18-Восемнадцать

19-Девятнадцать

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Numbers from 1 to 10

The next step in learning Russian is to learn the Russian numbers. Once you learn it you will find it much easier doing things like shopping, or catching a train or bus. You will be able to understand when people give you the price of something. Let’s start with the numbers from 1 to 10.

Random pile of green plastic numbers

 

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Как познакомиться / How to introduce yourself

This is the typical way how people meet each other and introduce themself. Try to play this scene with your friends and study by hard black lines with russian expressions.

Максим: Здравствуйте!
Maxim: Hello!
 
Наташа: Добрый день!
Natasha: Good day!
 
Маша: Привет!
Masha: Hi!
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Приветствия / Greetings

There are several ways to say “Hello” on Russian language. I will tell you about the most popular ones.

student

  • Привет  – Very popular word but very informal. It’s a good way to geet members of your family or your friends. Some people can also make up different forms from this word:  “Приветик”, “Приветики”, “Приветы”, “Прива”, “Приветище”
    Hi
  • Здравствуй / Здравствуйтe – First one sound formal, but with ending “те” it’s sounds even more formal, because become plural and we using it for talk to people who we don’t know and who older then we for show our respect.
    Hello

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