Category Archives: Gramar

50 most common Russian verbs and their forms

Here they are! 50 most common Russian verbs that we using in our everyday life.

Firstly, learn infenitive for of those verbs:

Инфенитив
Infenitiv
Перевод
Translation
  1. быть
  2. знать
  3. думать
  4. сказать
  5. говорить
  6. разговаривать
  7. начинать
  8. заканчивать
  9. пить
  10. есть
  11. забывать
  12. понимать
  13. писать
  14. читать
  15. считать
  16. бояться
  17. пугать
  18. входить
  19. выходить
  20. отдыхать
  21. ехать
  22. приезжать
  23. звонить
  24. давать
  25. продавать
  26. покупать
  27. делать
  28. жить
  29. умирать
  30. возвращаться
  31. хотеть
  32. уметь
  33. играть
  34. петь
  35. танцевать
  36. плавать
  37. летать
  38. рисовать
  39. ходить
  40. гулять
  41. бегать
  42. любить
  43. нравиться
  44. работать
  45. одевать
  46. обувать
  47. носить
  48. поднимать
  49. опускать
  50. поворачивать
  • to be
  • to know
  • to think
  • to say
  • to tell
  • to talk
  • to start
  • to finish
  • to drink
  • to eat
  • to forget
  • to understand
  • to wright
  • to read
  • to count
  • to be afraid
  • to scare
  • to enter
  • to get out
  • to have a rest
  • to go (by transport)
  • to came
  • to call
  • to give
  • to sell
  • to buy
  • to make
  • to live
  • to die
  • to be back
  • to want
  • to be able to
  • to play
  • to sing
  • to dance
  • to swim
  • to fly
  • to draw
  • to go
  • to walk
  • to run
  • to love
  • to like
  • to work
  • to put on clothes
  • to put on shoes
  • to wear
  • to lift
  • to put down
  • to turn

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Gender of Russain nouns

Russian nouns have one of three grammatical classes called genders. They are divided into three groups: nouns of masculine (мужской), feminine (женский) and neuter (средний) gender, which is clearly expressed only in the singular nouns. The gender of a noun is shown by it’s ending.

Screen shot 2013-04-19 at 3.20.58 PM

  • Masculine gender / мужской род nouns are nouns end in a consonant,  or  in the Nominative case: Максим (Maxim), дом (house), музей (museum), рубль (ruble)
  • Feminine gender / женский род nouns are nouns end in the vowel , – я, -ь in the Nominative case: Анна (Anna), комната (room), неделя (week), дочь (daughter)
  • Neuter gender / средний род nouns are nouns end in the vowel -о, -е in the Nominative case: окно (window), письмо (letter), здание (building).
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Numbers from from 10 fo 1000

You already know how to count till 10.

For to count from 11 to 19 you just need to add “-надцать” at the end of familiar 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

11 – Одиннадцать

12 – Двенадцать

13 – Тринадцать

14-Четырнадцать

15 – Пятнадцать

16-Шестнадцать

17-Семнадцать

18-Восемнадцать

19-Девятнадцать

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Numbers from 1 to 10

The next step in learning Russian is to learn the Russian numbers. Once you learn it you will find it much easier doing things like shopping, or catching a train or bus. You will be able to understand when people give you the price of something. Let’s start with the numbers from 1 to 10.

Random pile of green plastic numbers

 

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Местоимения / Pronouns

Pronouns are words that can replace names. For example: I, you, he, she, him, her, it. In Russian languages we have 8 personal pronouns which chenges depend on case. Let’s start from pronouns in Nominative Case:

Russian pronouns

“Вы” is used as the formal singular “you”, and the plural “you” when talking to more than one person.
Video with examples of pronunciation: Russian Pronouns

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Алфавит / Alphabet

Russian alphabet has 33 letters, but no worries – most of them looks like English one and sound similar. This is a good table which show you how to pronounce and wright them.

Алфавит:Alphabet

Video with examples of pronunciation: The Russian Alphabet

A nice table with examples and pictures: Russian language self study guide for beginners
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